Aspidistra australis


Aspidistra australis S.Z.He & W.F.Xu – Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50(5): 305. (2013).


China. Guizhou, Libo National Nature Reserve, under shrubs in a valley, 500-550 m a.s.l., 11 Nov. 2008, SZ. He et al. 081111 (holotype ZGTM).


China: Guizhou.


Flowers in September–October in cultivation.









Herbs perennial, rhizome creeping, subterete, 4-5 mm thick, covered with nodes and scales. Leaf sheaths 3-5, purplish red, 4-13 cm long, enclosing base of leaves, fibrous when withered. Leaves solitary, 1.5-3 cm apart, leaf blade oblong- lanceolate, 18-28 x 4-5 cm, apex acuminate, base gradually narrowed, margins sparsely serrulate above middle, leaf blade with a few yellow-white spots; petiole rigid, 26-36 cm, grooved adaxially. Scape 0.8-1.5 cm, bracts 3-4, purplish red, broadly ovate, 6-7 x 5-6 mm. Flower solitary, erect. Perianth campanulate, fleshy, light yellow, 10-20 x 3.3-3.6 mm, 8-lobed, 2 mm in length, ca. 1.5 mm wide at base, with spurlike basal protuberances; tube 0.8-1 cm in length, 3.3-3.6 mm in diam. Stamens 8, subsessile, inserted slightly below middle of perianth tube; anthers oblong, ca. 3 x 0.8 mm. Pistil nearly clavate, purplish, ca. 0.6 cm long; style inarticulate, stigma slightly enlarged, purple, ca. 0.4 cm in diam., apex concave, upper surface with margin deeply 4-lobed and radially 4-sulcate, then each apex lobe shallowly 2-lobed again; lobelets obtuse at apex, margin recurved. Berry subglobose, tuberculate, ca. 1 cm high and 0.8 cm in diam.


He et al. (2013) Ann. Bot. Fennici 50: 305-308.