Aspidistra bamaensis C.R.Lin, Y.Y.Liang & Yan Liu – Ann. Bot. Fenn. 46(5): 416. (2009).
China. Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region: BaMa County, Xishan, limestone mountains, alt. 450 m a.s.l., 1.V.2007 Yan Liu & Yong-Yan Liang L1450 (holotype IBK; isotype IBK).
Paratype: Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, Guilin County, Yanshan, introduced by Yan Liu from the type locality, cultivated, 25.IV.2008 Chun-Rui Lin 0917 (IBK).
Flowers in April–May in nature.
Herbs perennial, evergreen, rhizomatous. Rhizome creeping, subterete, 7-10 mm thick, covered with scales, nodes dense. Roots numer-ous. Vaginal leaves 4-5, purple-red, 2-18 cm long, enveloping base of petiole, becoming black-brown when dry. Leaves solitary, 1-2 cm apart; petiole stiff upright, 26-53 cm long, 2-5 mm thick, adaxially sulcate; leaf blade usually elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 22-35 cm long, 7.5-11.5 cm wide, dark green with small white spots on both surfaces, base broadly cuneate to suborbicular, inequilateral, apex cuspidate to short-acuminate, margin entire. Peduncle erect or declining, 4—7 cm long, with 5-6 bracts, bracts gradually wider from base to top of peduncle; two most basal ones of perianth broadly ovate, purplish red, 7-8 mm long, ca. 1 cm wide, apex rounded. Flowers solitary; perianth widely bowl-shaped, ca. 2 cm in diam., purplish red, fleshy; deeply 6-lobed; lobes subequal, broadly ovate, 7-9 mm long, 5-7 mm wide, apex obtuse; tube short, 3-4 mm high, ca. 1 cm diam. Stamens 6, opposite to lobes, inserted at base of perianth tube, anthers subequal, ovate or subglobose, 3-5 mm long, 3-4 mm wide, connective broadened and thickened, triangular in surface view, base ca. 2 mm wide, with purplish-red speckles. Pistil 4-5 mm long, white, ovary inconspicuous, style short, cylindrical, 2-3 mm in diam., stigma 2.5-4 mm in diam., slightly wider than style, sometimes with purplish-red speckles at margin, central part nearly flat with 3 inconspicuous radial, bifurcate lines.
Lin et al. (2009) – Ann. Bot. Fennici 46: 416-418.