Aspidistra basalis


Aspidistra basalis Tillich – Gard. Bull. Singapore 64(1): 202. (2012).



Cultivated plant in the Munich Botanical Garden, originally from the Nanjing Botanical Garden, Jiangsu Province (?), China, Tillich 5720 (M, including flowers in the liquid collection).











Rhizome epigeous, diameter 8–10 mm, richly branched, covered with deltoid scales. Cataphylls up to 6 cm long. Leaves solitary, 2–5 cm apart. Petiole 3–5 cm, stout, stiff, ventrally with a deep v-shaped furrow. Blade narrowly lanceolate, 35–45 × 4–5 cm, without clear limitation, tapering gradually to petiole, sharply folded at base, dark green, shiny, margin finely serrate and revolute, midrib sharply protruding abaxially. Peduncle up to 0.5 cm, or flower subsessile. Perigone bowl-shaped, blackish purple inside and out. Lobes 8, in two whorls of 4, outer lobes deltoid, 6–7 mm long and wide, inner lobes 6–7 × 5 mm, more or less romboid distally. All lobes with 4 low basal keels, the submarginal keels connected to those of the adjoining lobe, the two median keels disappearing in the middle of the tube. Stamens 8, inserted at tube base, subsessile, anthers broadly ovate, ca. 1.5 mm long. Pistil mushroom shaped, 5–6 mm high. Stigma circular, c. 10 mm in diameter, smooth, convex, light red, the margin with 8 soft strongly reflexed lobes and 8 submarginal, white-edged, radially elongated, weak indentations. Fruit unknown.


Tillich & Averyanov (2012) – Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 64(1): 201–209.