Aspidistra chunxiuensis


Aspidistra chunxiuensis C.R.Lin & Yan Liu – Phytotaxa 208(2): 163. (2015).


CHINA. Guangxi, Longzhou County, Chunxiu nature protection, alt. 328 m a.s.l., 28 May 2013, Bo Pan P056 (holotype IBK, isotype IBK).


China: Guangxi.


Flowers in May–June in nature.














Herbs perennial, evergreen, rhizomatous. Rhizome creeping, subterete, 6–8 mm thick, nodes dense. Roots numerous. Vaginal leaves 5–6, purple-red, 2–12 cm long, enveloping base of petiole, becoming black-brown when dry. Leaves solitary, 1–2 cm apart; petiole stiff upright, 23–35 cm long, 2–3 mm thick, adaxially sulcate; leaf blade usually broadly ovate to ovate-oblong, 20–32 cm long, 9–11 cm wide, dark green, base broadly cuneate to suborbicular, abruptly narrowed to petiole, inequilateral, apex acuminate, margin entire, with prominent midvein on lower surface and 3–4 inconspicuous secondary veins at both sides. Peduncle erect or declining, purple, 9–11 cm long, with 7–8 bracts, bracts gradually wider from base to top of peduncle, the distal ones at base of perigone broadly ovate, purplish red, 22–28 mm long, 16–20 mm wide, apex obtuse. Flower solitary; perigone campanulate, fleshy, deeply 12 (or 13) lobed apically; tube 10–12 mm long, 35–38 mm in diameter, abaxially withe with purplish red spots, adaxially blackish purple, and with 12 (or 13) keels running from base of stamens to mouth of perigone tube; lobes explanate, subequal, ovate-lanceolate, 30–35 mm long, 6–8 mm wide at base, abaxially densely purplish red spotted, adaxially pale yellow and purplish red mottled at base frequently, each lobe basally with an adaxial, white, odontoid appendage, appendages 4–5 mm long, 5–6 mm wide, with verrucose dark purple margin, the bases explanate protruding horizontally over tube opening and reducing the opening to 18–20 mm. Stamens 12 (or 13), opposite to lobes, subsessile, inserted at the base of perigone tube, anthers oblong, 2–3 mm long and 1–2 mm wide. Pistil 8–10 mm long, ovary inconspicuous, style short, cylindrical, 2–3 mm long, ca. 1 mm in diameter, stigma enlarged, disc-shaped, 5–6 mm thick, ca. 30 mm in diameter, upper surface flat, white, with 6 radial, purplish red, 4-fork-tipped lines from center to margin, its margin purple-red and bent upwards, with 24 (or 26) longitudinal ribs, abaxially white.


Lin et al. (2015) – Phytotaxa 208(2): 163.