Aspidistra daxinensis


Aspidistra daxinensis M.F.Hou & Yan Liu – Bot. Stud. (Taipei) 50: 371. (2009).



China, Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, Daxin Xian (County), Encheng Zhen (Township), alt. 320 m, on limestone in a valley, 27 May 2004, Yan Liu L0959 (holotype: IBK, isotype: HAST).



China, Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, Guilin, Yanshan, cultivated, introduced by Yan Liu from type locality, 5 May 2005 Yan Liu L1205 (IBK), 21 May 2006, Yan Liu L1315 (IBK).


China: Guangxi.


Flowers in May–June, fruits in July– May in cultivation.











Herbs perennial, evergreen, rhizomatous. Rhizome creeping, subterete, ca. 7 mm thick, covered with scales, internodes congested. Roots numerous, elongate. Leaf at tip of rhizome embraced by 2 or 3 reddish-purple cataphylls (3-8 cm long), petiole stiff, upright, 14-22 cm long, 2-4 mm thick, adaxially sulcate; blade ovate to elliptic, 12-20 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, base orbicular to suborbicular, abruptly narrowed to the petiole, margin entire, apex acuminate; peduncle decumbent to suberect, 2-6 cm long, with 3-6 bracts, bracts gradually widened from below; two bracts at perianth base broadly ovate, purple-brown, 1-1.5 cm long, ca. 1 cm in diam., apex acuminate. Flower solitary; perianth campanulate, yellowishgreen with purple spots, deeply 6-lobed apically; lobes usually incurved, subequal, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 13-18 mm long, 3-4 mm wide at base, basal adaxial appendages 2 or 3, crenate; tube 8-12 mm long, 13-15 mm across; stamens 6, subsessile, inserted at ca. 3 mm from base of perianth tube, anthers oblong, ca. 1-2 mm long, 1 mm wide; gynoecium short, robust, ca. 8 mm long, stigma peltate, enlarged, 8-11 mm across, adaxially pale yellow, glabrous, the central part slightly convex with 3 radial, fork-tipped or inconspicuous forking lines from center to margin, slightly 12-lobed at margin, abaxially purple-red, longitudinally 12-ridged. Berry dark purple, subglobose, 12-16 mm in diam., 12-15 mm long, tuberculate.


Hou et al. (2009) – Botanical Studies 50: 371-378.