Aspidistra erecta


Aspidistra erecta Yan Liu & C.I Peng – Bot. Stud. (Taipei) 52(3): 367. (2011).



China. Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Napo Xian (County), alt. 800 m, in a valley on limestone hill, 10 Nov 2002, Yan Liu L0782 (holotype: IBK; isotype: HAST)



China. Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Napo Xian (County), Bainan Xiang, alt. 840 m, plant sterile when collected, 29 June 2008, Ching-I Peng et al., 21609 (HAST); Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, Jingxi Xian (County), alt. 790 m, 12 Nov 2008, Wei-Bin Xu 08445 (IBK).


China: Guangxi.


Flowers in November in nature.














Herbs perennial, evergreen. Stem erect, to 1 m high, supported by a few stilt roots, stem subterete, 4–7 mm thick, internodes unequal, to 4 cm long. Vaginal leaves 3–5, green with purple-brown spots, 1–6 cm long, becoming fibrous remnants covering the stem. Leaves 3–10 cm apart, petiole slightly stiff, 6–18 cm long, ca. 2 mm thick, somewhat thicker towards the base, adaxially sulcate; leaf blade usually oblong-lanceolate or ovate-elliptic, 12–23 cm long, 4–7 cm wide, green, base suborbicular, abruptly narrowed to the petiole, inequilateral, apex gradually acuminate, margin entire, midvein moderately prominent abaxially, each half of leaf blade with three stronger secondary veins, between them 5–8 weaker tertiary nerves with numerous anastomoses. Peduncle short, 5–15 mm long, bracts 3–4, two of them adnate to flower base, broadly ovate, ca. 6 mm long, 5 mm wide, green with purple spots, apex obtuse. Flowers solitary; perianth campanulate, slightly contracted at mouth, 10–12 mm long, shallowly 6–lobed apically; lobes subequal, triangular-ovate, 5–6 mm long and 4–5 mm wide at base, purplish red, reflexed after anthesis; tube ca. 8 mm high, 10–13 mm across, nearly white, adaxially purplish black at the mouth. Stamens 6, opposite to lobes, inserted at upper 1/3 of perianth tube, filaments horizontal, purplish black, ca. 1.5 mm long, anthers pale yellow, broadly elliptic, ca. 1.5 mm long, 1 mm wide, obtuse at both ends, versatile. Pistil mushroom-shaped, 8–10 mm long, longer than the perianth tube, ovary somewhat enlarged, style cylindric, ca. 2 mm across, not articulate, curved, stigma hemispheric, enlarged, 5–6 mm across, exserted, adaxially purplish red, smooth, the central part with 3 radial, fork-tipped or inconspicuous forking lines from center to margin, abaxially white, slightly concaved and undulate at margin. Berry subglobose, ca. 15 mm across, densely covered with soft hooked hairs, style persistent.


Liu et al. (2011) – Botanical Studies 52: 367-373.