Aspidistra formosa


Aspidistra formosa (Tillich) Aver. & Tillich – Nordic J. Bot. 35(1): 48. (2016).



Basionym: Aspidistra tonkinensis (Gagnep.) F.T.Wang & K.Y.Lang

Synonym: Aspidistra fungilliformis Y. Wan subsp. formosa H.J.Tillich



From a plant in cultivation at the Botanical Garden Munich (accession-nr. 97/2367), collected by J. Bogner, March 1997, in Vietnam, Province Ninh Binh, Cuc Phuong. Tillich 5280 (M), including flowers in the liquid collection at (M).




Vietnam: Cao Bang province (Bao Lac distict), Nghe An province (Ky Son district), Ninh Binh province (Cuc Phuong national park), Thanh Hoa province (Ba Thuoc district).


Flowers in November in nature.










Rhizome epi- or hypogeous, long creeping, slender, ∅ 3–4 mm, covered with small, triangular, blackish-brown scales; Petiole slender, 15–20 cm; Lamina ovate, base rounded, 14–17 × 7–8 cm, midvein somewhat prominent at lower surface, secondary veins 3 at each side, 7–9 fine tertiary veins between them; Flower s solitary, peduncle 1.0–1.5 cm, basally with 2–3 small brown scales, distally with 2 pointed white bracts adjacent to flower base, 1.0–1.5 cm long; Perigone campanulate, outsides glossy silvery-white, lobes 6, in two circles, white, ovate with rounded apex, without ribs, 8 mm long, lobes of outer circle 8 × 10 mm, those of inner circle 8 × 7 mm, tube insides deep purple to nearly black, 15 mm long; perigone shape and size changing during individual flowering period: at first day tube Ø 15 mm, lobes horizontally spreading, at second day tube Ø 20 mm, lobes curved backwards, at third day flower collapsing; Stamens 6, near base of tube wall, filaments horizontal, ca. 1 mm long, anthers facing bottom of tube; Pistil table-shaped, ovar inconspicuous, style slender, cylindrical, 4–5 mm long, stigma disk-shaped, rounded, with 3 shallow marginal incisions, Ø ca. 8 mm, white, smooth, flat to slightly convex, margins bent downward.



Tillich & Averyanov (2008) – Feddes Repertorium 119: 37–41; Tillich, Lin, Averyanov (2017) – Feddes Repertorium 128: 102–104; Averyanov & Tillich (2017) – Nordic Journal of Botany 35: 48–57.