Aspidistra hezhouensis Q.Gao & Yan Liu – J. Syst. Evol. 49(5): 506. (2011).
China: Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Hezhou City, Babu District, Huangtian Zhen (township), Xincun, limestone mountains, alt. 180 m, 2005-04-01, Yan Liu L1186 (holotype, IBK).
Paratype: China: Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Guilin City, Guilin Botanical Garden, cultivated, introduced by Yan Liu from the type locality, Qi Gao 351 (paratype, IBK).
Flowers in March–April in cultivation.
Morphological description: Herbs perennial, evergreen, rhizomatous. Rhizome creeping, subterete, ca. 6 mm in diam., covered with scales, nodes dense. Leaf at tip of rhizome embraced by 1–3 reddish-purple cataphylls (2–12 cm long); petiole stiff, upright, 10–23 cm long; blade oblong-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 15–28 cm long, 3–6 cm wide, dark green, base cuneate, margin entire, apex acuminate. Peduncle erect or declining, 1.5–3.8 cm long, with 3–5 bracts, bracts gradually wider from base to top of peduncle, two bracts at perianth base broadly ovate, light purple, ca. 10 mm long, ca. 8 mm wide, apex acuminate. Flowers solitary; perianth campanulate, yellow, tinged purplish adaxially and whitish abaxially, (6–)8-lobed apically; lobes recurved, subequal, lanceolate, 6–10 mm long, 2–3 mm wide at base; tube 6–12 mm long, 5–10 mm in diam.; stamens 8, rarely 6, subsessile, inserted at middle of perianth tube, anthers elliptic, ca. 3 mm long; pistil 4–6 mm long; stigma purple, ca. 3 mm in diam., centrally concave, cross-shaped, 4-lobed at margin, rarely 3-armed, 3-lobed at margin.
Q.Gao & Yan Liu (2011) – J. Syst. Evol. 49(5): 506.