Aspidistra leucographa


Aspidistra leucographa C.R.Lin & C.Y.Zou – Phytotaxa 306(2): 164. (2017).



China: Guizhou province, Pingtang county, Tangbian town, Dadaihe Karst Tiankeng, limestone mountains, 25°35’12.36” N, 106°50’1.08” E, alt. 900–950 m, 18 May 2013, Bo Pan P-768 (holotype: IBK).


Paratypes: China. Guizhou province, Pingtang county, Tangbian town, Anjiadong, plant sterile when collected, 14 November 2015, Meng-Qi Han hmq869 (IBK); Guangxi, Guilin city, Guilin Botanical Garden, from the type locality, cultivated, 13 April 2016, Chun-rui Lin 1055 (IBK).


China: Guizhou.


Flowers in March–April in nature.












Herb perennial, evergreen, rhizomatous. Rhizome creeping, subterete, 5–8 mm thick, covered with scales, nodes dense, roots numerous. Sheathing leaves 4–5, purple-red, 1–6 cm long, enveloping base of petiole, becoming brown when dry. Leaves solitary, ca. 1 cm apart; petiole 4–8 cm long, ca. 3 mm thick, adaxially sulcate; leaf blade narrowly lanceolate, 15–29 cm long, 2.5–4.5 cm wide, uniformly green, apex long acuminate, base gradually narrowed into petiole, margin entire. Peduncle 5–10 mm long, with 4–5 bracts, bracts gradually wider from base to top of peduncle, two most distal bracts adjacent to perigone broadly ovate-cucullate, 5–6 mm long, 6–8 mm wide. Flowers solitary, campanulate, 15–19 mm long, fleshy, purplish red outside; lobes 6, usually explanate, broadly ovate, 5–6 mm long, 5–8 mm wide at base, obtuse at apex, adaxially pale green-yellow with numerous small purple spots, and with 2–3 keels running from base of lobes to the bottom of perigone tube; tube 10–13 mm long, 13–16 mm in diameter, inside dark purplish red, densely papillose and scabrous. Stamens 6, opposite to lobes, inserted at the base of perigone tube, positioned lower than stigma, filaments ca. 1 mm long, anthers ovate, pale yellow, 1–1.5 mm long and wide; Pistil mushroom-shaped, 8–9 mm long, ovary inconspicuous; style white, cylindrical, 6–7 mm long, ca. 3 mm in diam.; stigma enlarged, ca. 10 mm in diam., upper surface dark purplish red, slightly rough, with 6 whitish irregular marks close to the margin, slightly 6-lobed at margin, lobes bent downward, abaxially white.


Zou et al. (2017) – Phytotaxa 306 (2): 164–168.