Aspidistra liboensis


Aspidistra liboensis S.Z.He & J.Y.Wu – Ann. Bot. Fenn. 48(5): 440. (2011).


China: Guizhou Province, Libo County (Xian), 600-700 m, in virgin evergreen forest, 7.3.2009 Shun-Zhi He 090307 (holotype HGCM, in flower).


Paratype: China: Guizhou, Libo, 2.5.2005 Shun-Zhi He 0505032 (paratype HGCM, in fruit).


China: Guizhou.


Flowers in February–March in nature.












Herbs, perennial. Rhizome creeping, sub-terete, 5–7 mm in diam., covered with scales, with a few roots. Sheathing leaves 2 or 3, purple, 5–8 cm, wrapping base of leaf, fibrous when withered. Leaves solitary, spaced 1-2 cm; leaf blade yellow-white spotted, broadly ovate, 12–-22 x 7–10 cm, base subrounded, apex slightly acu-minate, both anisomerous, margin entire; petiole hard, 16–22 cm, adaxially grooved. Peduncle 1.5-4.5 cm; bracts 3–5, slightly purple-red, broadly ovate, 1.5-2.5 x 1-1.5 cm. Flower solitary; perianth broadly campanulate, 3.5–4.5 cm in length, fleshy, apically 8–10-lobed; lobes overlapping, suberect, outside slightly purple, inside slightly yellow or slightly purple, glossy, ovate-lanceolate, 2–2.5 cm in length, base 1.3–1.8 cm in width, apex slightly outcurved, with at least 2 appendages at inner base, expanded inward, apex irregularly serrulate; tube outside slightly purple, inside deep purple, 1.5-2 cm in length, 3-4 cm in diameter. Stamens 8-10, inserted 1/3 from base of perianth tube, sub-sessile; anthers ovoid, ca. 3 x 2.5 mm; pollen globular, ca. 30 um in diameter, surface gem-mate. Pistil 6-7 mm in length, ovary inconspicu-ous, 4- or 5-loculed, with 2 ovules per locule. Style cylindrical short and thick, 2-2.5 mm in length, 5-6 mm in diameter; stigma disc-shaped, 2.5-3.2 cm in diameter, margin upward-curved, 16-lobed, with alternating large and small lobes, with at least 16 adaxial grooves, purple papillate at margin,16-lobed at margin, abaxially white, 16-ridged. Berry globose, 1.5-2.2 cm in diameter, scabrous and tuberculate.


He et al. (2011) – Ann. Bot. Fennici 48: 439-442.