Aspidistra lingchuanensis


Aspidistra lingchuanensis C.R.Lin & L.F.Guo – Phytotaxa 195(1): 86. (2015).



China: Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Lingchuan County, Lantian town, 25°38’9’’N, 110°10’7’’E, alt. 287 m, 22 March 2013, Lingchuan traditional Chinese medicine resources Investigation Team 450323130322085 (holotype, IBK; isotype, IBK)


China: Guangxi.


Flowers in March–April in nature.













Herbs perennial, evergreen, rhizomatous. Rhizome creeping, subterete, 6–8 mm thick, covered with scales, nodes dense. Vaginal leaves 6–8, 2–15 cm long, pale green, enveloping base of petiole, becoming black-brown when dry. Leaves 3–4-tufted; petiole 18–23 cm long, 2–3 mm thick, adaxially sulcate; leaf blade linear, 60–82 cm long, 1.8–3 cm wide, dark green, basally gradually tapering to petiole, apex acuminate, midvein distinct, margin serrulate near apex. Peduncle decumbent or declining, 1.5–4 cm long, with 5–6 bracts, distal 3 or 4 close to flower; the two bracts at the base of perigone broadly ovate, white with purplish red spots, ca. 10 mm long, 15–18 mm wide, apex subobtuse. Flowers numerous, densely arranged; perigone urceolar, fleshy, 6-lobed apically; lobes slightly excurved, white with numerous small purplish red spots, broadly ovate, 6–8 mm long and wide at base, distinctly 2-whorled, margin erose, subobtuse at apex; tube 11–13 mm long, greatest diameter 20–22 mm, the opening reduced to 8–9 mm in diam., abaxially white and with purplish red spots with increasing density from base to top, adaxially blackish purple, the mouth of the tube densely papillate, with 12 keels running down to the middle of the tube. Stamens 6, opposite to lobes, inserted at ca. 2 mm from the base of perigone tube, significantly lower than stigma; anther pale yellow, subglobose, ca. 2 mm long and wide, filaments ca. 1 mm long. Pistil mushroom-shaped, ca. 7 mm long, ovary indistinct, style cylindrical, 2–3 mm long, stigma peltate, rounded hexagon, ca. 15 mm in diam., cream-white, upper surface glabrous, the central part slightly convex, its margin purplish red and slightly 3-lobed, slightly bent upwards.


Guo et al. (2015) – Phytotaxa 195 (1): 86–89.