Aspidistra luochengensis B.Pan & C.R.Lin – Phytotaxa 387(2): 172. (2019).
China: Guangxi: Luocheng county, Longan town, Wuhua village, elev. ca. 141 m, rare in a valley on limestone hill, 24 November 2017, Bo Pan PB20170028 (holotype IBK; isotypes IBK, GXMG)
Paratype: China: Guangxi: cultivated in Guilin Botanical Garden, Guilin city, Yanshan township, introduced by Bo Pan from the type locality, 14 November 2017, Chun-rui Lin 1066 (IBK).
Flowers in October–November.
Herbs perennial, evergreen, rhizomatous. Rhizome creeping, subterete, 5–8 mm thick, covered with scales, nodes dense. Vagina leaves 5–6, purple-red, 1–7 cm long, enveloping base of petiole, becoming black-brown when dry. Leaves solitary, 1–1.5 cm apart; petiole 1–5 cm long, ca. 2 mm thick, adaxially sulcate; leaf blade usually narrow lanceolate, 28–42 × 2.5–3.5 cm, dark green with small yellow-white spots on both surfaces, base cuneate, gradually narrow into petiole, inequilateral, apex acuminate, margins sparsely serrulate above middle. Peduncle decumbent or declineing, purplish red, 1.5–4 cm long, with 5–6 bracts, bracts gradually wider from base to top of peduncle, the most basal one of perianth broadly ovate-cucullate, purplish red, 6–8 × 6–7 mm, apex acuminate. Flowers solitary; perianth obconical campanulate, fleshy, 14–16 mm long, slightly 8-lobed apically; lobes unequal in shape, dark purplish red, ovate–triangular, 6–8 × 4–5 mm, apex tapering into acuminate and usually recurved, adaxially densely papillose and scabrous, with spurlike basal protuberances; tube 11–12 mm long, distal opening 7–8 mm diam., purplish red with yellowish white at base; Stamens 8, opposite to lobes, inserted at upper third of perianth tube, filaments ca. 1 mm long, anthers lineate, pale yellow, ca. 4 × 1 mm, distally reaching stigma level or slightly lower than stigma; Pistil obconical, purplish red with white at base, ca. 10 mm long, ovary inconspicuous, style distally gradually widened to stigma, stigma subrotund, 5–6 mm in diam., white and densely papillose adaxially, upper surface slightly concave and with 4 fine radial, bifurcate grooves, 4-lobed at margin, lobes subequal and emarginated at apex.
B.Pan et al. (2019) – Phytotaxa 387 (2): 172–176.