Aspidistra ovatifolia


Aspidistra ovatifolia Yan Liu & C.R.Lin – Novon 23(3): 287. (2014).



China: Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region: Daxin Co., Leiping Township, on limestone in a valley, 260 m, 18 May 2007, Yan Liu L1456 (holotype, IBK; isotype, PE).


Paratype: China: Guangxi: Guilin Bot. Garden, cultivated by Yan Liu from plants taken from the type locality, 25 May 2009, Chun-Rui Lin 019 (IBK).


China: Guangxi.


Flowers in April–May in cultivation.















Herbs perennial, evergreen, rhizomatous; rhizomes creeping, subterete, 6-8 mm thick, covered with scales, nodes closely aggregated. Sheathing leaves 4 or 5, purple-red, 1–7 cm, subtending petiole base of blade-bearing leaves, sheaths becoming black-brown when dry; leaves solitary per node, ca. 1 cm apart; petioles stiffly upright, 10–18 cm, 2–3 mm thick, adaxially sulcate; leaf blades usually ovate to widely lanceolate, 9–16 × 6–9.5 cm, dark green with small yellow spots on both surfaces, blade base broadly cuneate to suborbicular, abruptly narrowing into petiole, inequilateral, apex cuspidate to acuminate, margin entire. Peduncle decumbent, purplish red, 1.8–4 cm, with 4 to 6 bracts, terminal 3 or 4 bracts, close to flower; two bracts at the base of perianth widely ovate, white with purplish red spots, ca. 1 × 1–1.5 cm, apex subobtuse; flowers solitary. Perianth uniseriate, urceolate, fleshy, slightly 8-lobed apically; perianth tube 10–14 × 15–20 mm, abaxially white with purplish red spots, adaxially deep purple to nearly black, with 8 longitudinal grooves extending from stamen bases to mouth of perianth tube; perianth lobes suberect, triangular, 3–5 × 2–3 mm at base, abaxially white and densely purple-mottled, adaxially white, sometimes with purplish red speckles at base, each lobe basally with an adaxial, white, toothlike appendage, ca. 2 × 2 mm, apex 2- or 3- denticulate, appendages protruding horizontally or obliquely over perianth tube central opening similar to a ring and reducing this opening to 4–5 mm diam.; stamens 8, opposite perianth lobes, inserted at ca. 2 mm from the base of perianth tube, positioned conspicuously lower than stigma; anthers subsessile, oblong, 1.2 × 0.8 mm, dehiscing by a longitudinal slit; pistil 8–10 mm, ovary indistinct, style cylindrical, 2–3 mm, stigma peltate, enlarged, 6–8 mm high, 12–16 mm diam., upper surface creamy white, glabrous, central portion shallowly convex with 4 radial, bifurcate lines, stigmatic margin purple-red and bent upward, rounded octagonal, with 16 longitudinal ribs.


Lin et al. (2014) – Novon 23(3): 287–290.