Aspidistra qijiangensis S.Z.He & X.Y.Luo – Phytotaxa 360(1): 74. (2018).
China: Chongqing municipality, Qijiang district, Dongxi town, under the shrub on the hillsides, elevation ca. 500 m, 4 April 2017, X.Y. Luo 170414 (holotype, GZTM).
Flowers in March–April in nature.
Herbs perennial, 90–120 cm high, rhizome creeping, subterete, 7–10 mm thick, covered with scales, internodes congested. Roots elongate. Leaf sheaths 1−2, purple-black, 10–18 cm long, enclosing the base of leaves, fibrous when withered. Leaves solitary, 3−5 cm apart, leaf blade narrow oblanceolate, 70–95 × 2.5–4 cm, apex gradually acuminate, base gradually narrowed into petiole; petiole 20–25 cm long. Penduncle 1–4.5 cm long, white, erect, bracts 2–3, triangular ovate, white with purple spots, 4–7 × 5–8 mm. Flower solitary, erect. Perigone campanulate, purplered, 1.0−1.5 cm tall, 8-lobed, perigone tube 5–10 mm in length, 10–12 mm in diameter, lobes purple-red, triangular lanceolate, 4.5–5 mm long and ca. 3 mm wide at base, with 4 keels at lower third. Stamens 8, inserted at lower 1/3 part of tube, filament short, anthers oblong, ca. 2–3 mm in length. Pistil nearly umbrella, ca. 5–7 mm in length, ovary slightly swelled, ca. 3 mm in diameter, stigma peltate swelled, central slightly convex, 5–8 mm in diameter, with 8 pairs of ridges from the edge to the central convergence on the upper surface and in each pair of ridges, there is a white groove, 4-lobed at margin, lobes slightly lobed, apex obtuse, bent, abaxial surface white, with 8 deep groove nest. Ovary 4-loculed, each room with 1 ovule. Fruit berry irregular spherical, 2–3 cm high and 1.5–2 cm in diameter, with small spines on the surface.
Luo et al. (2017) – Phytotaxa 360 (1): 74–76.