Aspidistra qijiangensis


Aspidistra qijiangensis S.Z.He & X.Y.Luo – Phytotaxa 360(1): 74. (2018).



China: Chongqing municipality, Qijiang district, Dongxi town, under the shrub on the hillsides, elevation ca. 500 m, 4 April 2017, X.Y. Luo 170414 (holotype, GZTM).


China: Chongqing.


Flowers in March–April in nature.











Herbs perennial, 90–120 cm high, rhizome creeping, subterete, 7–10 mm thick, covered with scales, internodes congested. Roots elongate. Leaf sheaths 1−2, purple-black, 10–18 cm long, enclosing the base of leaves, fibrous when withered. Leaves solitary, 3−5 cm apart, leaf blade narrow oblanceolate, 70–95 × 2.5–4 cm, apex gradually acuminate, base gradually narrowed into petiole; petiole 20–25 cm long. Penduncle 1–4.5 cm long, white, erect, bracts 2–3, triangular ovate, white with purple spots, 4–7 × 5–8 mm. Flower solitary, erect. Perigone campanulate, purplered, 1.0−1.5 cm tall, 8-lobed, perigone tube 5–10 mm in length, 10–12 mm in diameter, lobes purple-red, triangular lanceolate, 4.5–5 mm long and ca. 3 mm wide at base, with 4 keels at lower third. Stamens 8, inserted at lower 1/3 part of tube, filament short, anthers oblong, ca. 2–3 mm in length. Pistil nearly umbrella, ca. 5–7 mm in length, ovary slightly swelled, ca. 3 mm in diameter, stigma peltate swelled, central slightly convex, 5–8 mm in diameter, with 8 pairs of ridges from the edge to the central convergence on the upper surface and in each pair of ridges, there is a white groove, 4-lobed at margin, lobes slightly lobed, apex obtuse, bent, abaxial surface white, with 8 deep groove nest. Ovary 4-loculed, each room with 1 ovule. Fruit berry irregular spherical, 2–3 cm high and 1.5–2 cm in diameter, with small spines on the surface.


Luo et al. (2017) – Phytotaxa 360 (1): 74–76.